Calluses are composed of the same material as corns. Calluses, however, develop on the ball or heel of the foot. The skin on the sole of the foot is ordinarily about 40 times thicker than the skin anywhere else on the body, but a callus can even be twice as thick. A protective callus layer naturally develops to guard against excessive pressure and chafing as people get older and the padding of fat on the bottom of the foot thins out. If calluses get too big or too hard, they may pull and tear the underlying skin.
Hammertoes. A hammertoe is a permanent deformity of the toe joint in which the toe bends up slightly and then curls downward, resting on its tip; when forced into this position long enough, the tendons of the toe contract and it stiffens into a hammer- or claw-like shape. Hammertoe is most common in the second toe but may develop in any or all of the three middle toes if they are pushed forward and do not have enough room to lie flat in the shoe. The risk is increased when the toes are already crowded by the pressure of a bunion.
Treatment for Calluses. Calluses protect the feet and often do not need to be treated, but if a callus causes pain, several treatments are effective. Sanding the callus with a pumice stone after bathing is very helpful. Soft cushions placed in the heel of the shoes or under the ball of the foot can help relieve pain. Specially fitted shoe inserts are also helpful. Liquid solutions or medicated pads treated with salicylic acid, the same chemical used to treat corns, are also effective in removing calluses (For precautions, see Corns, above ). If calluses are well-developed and cause pain, professional trimming is recommended.
Foot pain is also caused by wearing the wrong type of shoes for the wrong type of activity. Really, there's a reason why athletic shoe makers sell billions of dollars of footwear each year. These shoes were designed to protect the feet while the user competes in his preferred sport. Sports or activities that
High Arched Feet are high-impact require more padding or support in certain areas. For instance, a marathon runner absorbs an incredible amount of force on his hindfoot, which is why professional running shoes are designed to absorb force. Wearing the wrong type of shoes can cause or even aggravate an existing injury.
Healthy, balanced diet and regular exercises can help avoid pain on the top of the foot or at the bottom of the foot. A nutrients rich diet ensures proper functioning of body systems and bodily organs. You should also check whether you are wearing properly fitting shoes. Mild foot pain can be cured with oil massage, application of ice and heat and moderate exercises under the guidance of an expert. You can even apply balm or an ointment. Avoid exposing the foot to extreme cold. Try to keep it warm by wearing socks. Sometimes, providing sufficient rest to the foot helps get rid of the pain and discomfort.
There are also many running and sports shoes on the market and quite often people choose the wrong style for their foot type. It is always a good idea to get your shoes fitted correctly and most professional sports stores are able to do this for you. A more serious cause of side of foot pain can be arthritis or even diabetes. There are also infections that can cause side of food pain such as Septic arthritis, osteomyelitis or cellulitis. This is why you should seek medical attention if your pain gets significantly worse doesn't go away.
If you experience foot pain caused by plantar fasciitis, you are most likely in search of successful plantar fasciitis pain therapy. You are not alone. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of foot pain. This condition is due to an inflammation of the band of tissues (plantar fascia) connecting your heel to your toes. Many people say that the pain feels like a stabbing or burning sensation that starts at the heel and tends to spread forward into the toes. This is why many folks are so desperate to find plantar fasciitis pain therapy. It can be agonizingly painful and will get worse without therapy.
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